Last summer, Chief Justice Roberts wrote the majority opinion in Shelby County v. Holder, which gutted the Voting Rights Act by declaring the formula determining which jurisdictions were subject to Section 5 unconstitutional. The State of Alabama successfully advocated on Shelby County’s behalf as an amicus. As a result, Section 5 has been rendered inoperable and states with a history of racial discrimination (including Alabama) no longer have to seek preclearance from the Department of Justice or the courts for redistricting plans. The preclearance procedure protected minority voters—such as the ones at issue here—from having their political voices stifled. In this short exchange, Chief Justice Roberts reminds General Verrilli of his recent ruling.