One of the state’s main arguments as to why Castille did not need to recuse himself from this case is the fact that Castille’s direct involvement as a prosecutor occurred 30 years ago. But if 30 years is long enough, the justices ask, then what shorter length of time would merit recusal? Eisenberg dodges the question, arguing that it depends on several factors, but ultimately comes back to the point that a lot of time had passed in this case. “So the fact that [Williams] spent 30 years in solitary confinement actually helps the state?” Kennedy asks, the irony not lost on anyone in the courtroom. For waiting such an exorbitant amount of time, the least the state could have guaranteed Williams is a panel of Pennsylvania Supreme Court justices free of any potential bias.