Early in his argument, General Brasher argued that Alabama’s redistricting plan was not motivated primarily by race. The biggest factor, rather, was keeping the population in every district within two percent of the others. Justice Kagan cut in to disagree. Alabama officials had said early on in the redistricting process that they intended to keep the same percentages of African-American voters in majority-minority districts as there were in 2000, and Justice Kagan shows they did just that at the expense of any other factors.