Justice Kennedy has authored two important pro-LGBT decisions—Lawrence v. Texas, which decriminalized same-sex intimacy, and United States v. Windsor, which struck down DOMA—and is expected to be the swing vote in this case. He begins oral argument by expressing concern about changing the definition of marriage, which he asserts has been static for “millennia.” Bonauto reassures the justice that the American public has been in a robust debate on the issue of LGBT equality and same-sex marriage for decades.