In this oral argument, Williams-Yulee challenges Florida’s judicial canon banning personal solicitation of campaign funds, claiming that it violates the First Amendment.
AFJ Audio Analysis
Alliance for Justice analyzes key cases before the United States Supreme Court, and circuit courts of appeals, using audio excerpts from oral arguments.
The Fair Housing Act, part of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibits racial discrimination in housing. Every circuit court to address the law has held that discrimination can be shown by either intentional discrimination or disparate impact. In a disparate impact claim, the plaintiff only needs to demonstrate that a law or rule has a discriminatory racial effect, then the burden shifts to the defendant to show a legally sufficient justification for its actions.
UPS provided light-duty assignments for employees who were disabled. It provided light-duty assignments for employees injured on the job. It even provided light-duty assignments for employees who were ineligible to drive because of DUI convictions. But UPS did not provide light-duty assignments to women who became pregnant.
In 2012, Alabama was not required by Section 5 to maintain exact percentages in the majority-minority districts. In fact, another line of cases interpreting the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits states from placing too much of an emphasis on race when redistricting. In this oral argument, the Alabama Legislative Black Caucus and the Alabama Democratic Conference have challenged this redistricting plan under the Equal Protection Clause.